Archiv für August 2011

Jetzt auf deutsch: Der wunderbar satirische Text von Schrifsteller Alaa Al-Aswany zur aktuellen politischen Situation von Ägypten ist endlich übersetzt… / The article of Alaa Al-Aswany is finally translated to german…

…so beginnt sie einen Krieg?

Wenn die Regierung die Proteste im Land nicht unter Kontrolle bekommt, so eine alte Wahrheit, so beginnt sie einen Krieg. Es ist zu hoffen, dass es soweit nicht kommen wird. Doch ob beabsichtigt oder nicht – die Logik, dass man Protesten den Wind aus den Segeln nimmt, wenn man einen äußeren Feind findet, greift derzeit in Ägypten ebenso wie in Israel.

Was passiert ist
Am Donnerstag haben vermutlich radikale palästinensische Gruppen bei einem Anschlag auf einen Reisebus im israelischen Ferienort Eilat 8 Menschen getötet, sie waren, wie es scheint, über Ägyptens Sinai-Halbinsel nach Israel gelangt. Bei der Jagd auf die Täter ist die israelische Armee Angaben von UN-Friedenstruppen zufolge auf ägyptisches Territorium vorgedrungen und hat dabei 5 ägyptische Grenzpolizisten getötet. Die Medienberichte liefern widersprüchliche Berichte, ob dies von einem Flugzeug aus oder am Boden geschah. Israel sowie zahlreiche internationale Quellen machen die prekäre Sicherheitslage auf der Sinai-Halbinsel mit für die Anschläge verantwortlich. Die europäischen Medien sprechen nun von der „schwersten diplomatischen Krise“ und einer „Eiszeit“ zwischen Ägypten und Israel. Derweil bombardiert Israel Ziele im Gazastreifen, mindestens 15 Menschen kamen ums Leben, Zeitungen sprechen von der Angst vor einem „dritten Gazakrieg“.

(mehr…)

2 billion $ from the Worldbank???

In June Egypt refused after weeks of discussion to take a US-$ 2 to 3,5 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) as incompatible with national interests. The government changed the budget and raised some taxes to be able to refuse the loan, also it accepted loans from Saudi-Arabia and Qatar (see old posts).

Today the surprise: Egypt accepts US-$ 2 billion from the Worldbank, sister organization of the IWF. There was no big discussion about it so far. The money goes directly to the ministry of International Cooperation, part of it is granted, part loaned.

US$ 250 million are granted for the ministry employees, 330 million to modernize a railway line, 100 million for an irrigation system. Further 600 million to finance a power station near Cairo and 220 million for a wind energy station at the Gulf of Suez. A loan of about US-$ 1 billion is further negotiated to support to power stations.

London = Cairo?

In London, huge riots erupted Saturday night in the poor area of Tottenham after a 29-year-old man had been killed by the police. The riots spread to other districts of London Sunday night, more than 160 persons were arrested.

The residents attributed the incidents to local tensions and to anger of the way police is treating the people in the poor neighborhood where unemployment and poverty are high. The politicians, though, don‘t want to hear anything about police brutality – for an example watch this movie of how officers are beatening a 16-year-old girl on Saturday – or the social problems that will deepen further with the planned cuts on the social system. Listen what they say…

    „London’s Deputy Mayor Kit Malthouse blamed the violence on a relatively small number of criminals […]: „This is quite a small group of people within our community in London who … are frankly looking for stuff to nick (steal). They are picking particular kinds of stores, whether it’s because they want a new set of trainers or whatever,“ he told Sky News.

And though the residents said that they can understand why this happened and many even joined, the politician are seeing this quite different:

    Local member of parliament David Lammy said many of those arrested had come in from outside the area and organized the disorder on social messaging sites. „The weekend’s violence was not a race riot, it was an attack on the whole of the Tottenham community, organized on Twitter.“ (source: Reuters)

Ah. This argumentation sounds pretty common to all who followed egyptian politics the last months:

1. Protest, of course, are never done by protesters – as already Mubarak knew all protesters are always criminells/thugs.
2. Protest never have to do anything with the problems in the country or in the place where they take place, they are organized (!) by „forces from outside“ (SCAF) that want to destroy the country/city/district – and of course the always organize through twitter and facebook (and eat at Kentucky Fried Chicken).

Have the read the last declarations of the SCAF? And have they seen where Mubarak is now?

„How to put an end to the Revolution…“

English version below

Vor zwei Wochen veröffentlichte der ägyptische Schriftsteller Alaa Al-Aswany diese satirischen Text über die aktuelle politische Situation – eine der besten Analysen was gerade geschieht die in letzter Zeit veröffentlicht wurde. Lest… wir sind, vermutlich, zwischen Punkt 4 und 5…

Wie man in sechs Schritten eine Revolution niederschlägt
Alaa Al-Aswany

Lieber General, wenn die Revolution dich überrascht hat – bloß keine Panik. Kein Grund zu erschrecken angesichts Millionen wütender Demonstranten. Beruhig dich. Atme einmal tief durch und reiß dich zusammen. Erinner‘ dich, dass Revolutionen Ausnahme sind, seltene Momente in denen die Menschen mutig handeln und bereit sind, ihr Leben zu geben für ihre Freiheit und ihre Würde. Revolutionen sind die Ausnahme, die Regel ist dass die Menschen Ungerechtigkeit akzeptieren, sei es aus Furcht vor Unterdrückung oder für kleine Gewinne. Der Beweis dafür ist, dass es nur wenige Revolutionen in der Geschichte der Menschheit gab. Die Umstände haben dich nun in den Nachwehen einer Revolution an die Spitze der Macht gebracht, also mach dir keine Gedanken über das Brüllen der wütenden Massen in den Straßen. Die dort unten sind wie Tiere, stark und wild aber irrational. Du bist der begabte Dompteur, dem es mit wohlbedachtem Knallen der Peitsche gelingen wird, sie zu kontrollieren und zurück in ihre Käfige zu bringen. Dafür solltest du in sechs Schritten vorgehen:

Erstens: Feier die Revolution und schimpfe auf den abgesägten Diktator. Du musst erklären, dass du die abgeschlossene Ära ganz und gar verurteilst. Natürlich hast du in Wirklichkeit noch immer Sympathien für den ehemaligen Diktator der jahrzentelang dein Freund und Kollege war, dennoch hast in die Öffentlichkeit zu treten und lauthals zu schreien: „Lang lebe die Revolution!“ Die Menschen werden dir spontan glauben. Niemand wird sich daran erinnern dass 40 Jahre lang an der Seite des alten Diktators standest ohne irgendetwas gegen die Verbrechen, die er begangen hat, zu sagen. Die Menschen werden dir glauben weil sie sich wünschen, dass du auf Seiten der Revolution stehst, und Menschen sind sehr anfällig dafür, dass zu glauben, was sie sich wünschen. Verfluch den Diktator allerdings nicht zu sehr, für den Fall, dass du doch Misstrauen erregst. Verfluch ihn nur einmal, zweimal, ja am besten zweimal, das wichtigste ist dass du unablässig die Revolution hochleben lässt. Die Menschen müssen aufwachen und ins Bett gehen zum Lobgesang der Revolution, erstens weil sie dann glauben die Revolution hätte gewonnen (auch wenn sie in Wirklichkeit keines ihrer Ziele erreicht hat), und zweitens weil so alles was in diesem Land danach passiert einzig und allein mit der Revolution in Verbindung gebracht wird.

(mehr…)

Mubarak in trial!

Many were skeptic till the last moment and didn‘t believe that he would really be there. But he was: Mubarak, his two sons Alaa and Gamal, ex-minister of interiour Habib Al-Adly and further supporters of their regime appeared today in court.

In the early morning already several hundred people gathered in front of the huge screens outside the courtroom that was build in the police academy in New Cairo on the outskirts of Cairo. Fights broke out between Mubarak-supporters and others against him, they were fighting each other with sticks and stones, 43 people got injured.

Then the helicopter with Mubarak arrived. When he was taken out, nothing could be seen.

The court session started late. 600 people were allowed to attend, Ahmed Rifaat, law professor and president of the court, opened the trial. He called to bring the accused in: Habib Al-Adly… Alaa Mubarak… Gamal Mubarak… and… Mohammed Hosni Mubarak! And: he was there. They brought the ex-president in a bed to the cage and the cameras zoomed on this face. In this moment, millions of people in front of the public and the TV screens screamed: „I never thought I would live to see this moment!“ many said. „I can‘t believe it! He will be trialed!“
(mehr…)

UPDATE Violence and no end

One day after brutally clearing the square of protesters, the army attackes again – on the eve the first day of the process against ex-president Hosni Mubarak. A small number of protesters gathered in the early evening at Tahrir Square, about 100 – 200. They were chanting slogans against the military and the eviction of the square. Thousands of soldiers and officers of riot-police CSF still were present at the square to secure nobody is blocking traffic or trying to enter the inner circle. The didn‘t wait for long: Around 9pm, the attacked the protesters violently. And not only them: The started arresting and beating everybody around, people started running trough the streets to get away from the square, police and military following them, randomly arresting people in streets and cafe-shops.

Read the tweeps to get an impression of the situation in downtown:

    HebaGhannam
    I saw more pp arrested by #csf in talaat Harb and Hundreds n hundreds of csf are all over the street !“ #tahrir

    lilianwagdy
    Seriously, the Military Police and CSF have gone completely mental #Tahrir

    Peet4Peter Peter Habib
    #Tahrir is like a cemetry

    NohaZayed
    Bystanders also beaten by SCAF. Indiscriminate violence now in #Tahrir from armed men in uniform against everyone not in a car

    HebaGhannam
    Don‘t you ever get near down town!! they‘re arresting EVERYONE! #tahrir“

    nazlyhussein نازلي حسين
    “@HebaGhannam: Military police is shouting at shop owners in tal3at Harb ordering them 2 close their shops ! #tahrir”

    nazlyhussein
    sara wansa was beaten by the thugs on her stomach (punching) , Ali shreim almost lost his eye, and ghassan makarem needs an urgent surgery

    Psypherize Ahmad H. Aggour
    #Egypt: The #SCAF cannot stay in power, they have to go. #Tahrir #Jan25

At 11pm news about 400 arrested people on Tahrir, number is not confirmed yet. Instead of protesters hundreds of policemen and soldiers now are sitting (and sleeping) on Tahrir Square, provoking joke in the internet: „Photo showing MP & CSF having a sit-in in #Tahrir!! DUDE WHERE IS MY PRODUCTION WHEEL??!??“

Update (aug6)
Protesters going on making fun about hundereds of soldiers „protesting“ on Tahrir Square („why don‘t they put posters with their demands?“ „for the 4th day army and police doing sit-in in the square, harming the economy and tourism in our country“), but in reality the situation is not fun at all. It’s calm in downtown now, no soldiers or CSF in the streets. The square itself looks still a bit like a war-zone, tanks and armed soldiers protecting all entrances, long lines of Csf-Trucks in the streets around. There tasks seems to be to prevent any gathering in the square. Still every day different groups of people try to get there: Yesterday there was the funeral of a guy injured the 23rd in the march of Abbasiya, he died some days ago. Military prevented the people coming out of the mosque to go to the square. Yesterday evening a few hundred gathered for the iftar beside tahrir square – and got attacked by military police who hit and injured many of them as can be seen in the following video:

Army cleared the square!!!

At 3 pm several tanks entered the streets around Tahrir, a few minutes later the went in, thousands of soldiers attacked the remaining camps in the centre of the square and beside the Mogamma, supported by the riot police CSF. With them were a lot of people in civil clothes, maybe thugs but more probably police in civil clothes. They pulled down all the tents, beat people badly, arrested many – more information will be out soon.

After half an hour the soldiers opened the square for the traffic. Passing cars were cheering at them, the owners of the shops nearbywho already tried to open one gate of the square yesterday were shouting „people and army – one hand“.

Al-Jazeera was fast in arriving and broadcasted the attack live, kikhote took a good video from a building beside the square, now there also videos been uploaded from ppl who have been on the square during the attack.

Updates below the videos!

Update (11pm): SCAF speaks of 111 arrested „thugs“. Lawyers have contact with the arrested protesters, they have been beaten up badly, are now at C28 with military police. Even though many of them had been fasting the whole day they didn‘t get even water, when they finally got some it was very dirty. Lawyers and supporters now try to find out where they exactly are.

Update (aug2, 1:40am): Small march against SCAF and clearing of the square right now on Tahrir square. Watch live here. About 200 protesters now surrounded by more than 1000 soldiers and riot police CSF, chanting, clapping. Circle getting closer. Everybody who tries to go out is being arrested.

Update (aug2, 8pm): A video taken by a photographer arrested from inside a tank – showing how military and new old security police (now called „Amn el-Watani instead of Amn el-Dawla) deal with the arrested…