Archiv der Kategorie 'Official Politics'

The Plot to topple the state…

The preparation for tomorrow, Jan 25 , are underway – on each side. More infos later, for the beginning an article from journalist Sherrif Kouddus, published in Al-Masry Al-Youm:

As the first anniversary of the Egyptian revolution approaches, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) is continuing to issue shrill warnings of a plot to topple the state. The most direct came from Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi himself, when he said last week, „Egypt is facing grave dangers it has not seen before.“ He added, „The armed forces are the backbone that protects Egypt. These schemes are aimed at targeting that backbone.“

Tantawi is right. There is a plot to topple the state. Egypt’s revolution has evolved from an uprising that ousted President Hosni Mubarak into a deeper struggle aimed at uprooting the military regime that has ruled the country for the past 60 years and served as the backbone of its modern autocracy. Since 1952, the army has enjoyed a special autonomy in Egypt, both political and economic, above any civilian control or oversight. It is this very autonomy and privilege that the revolution is now targeting and has the military council talking of a threat to destabilize the country.


The Dark Days

Blogger Sandmonkey wrote a long post after being ‚absent‘ for two month while he was doing his campaing as a candidate for the parliament elections. „I have been silent, I have been tied up by advisors over what you can and cannot say during an election. This is over. „

The article he put online now contains a lot of new and very interesting information and thoughts, about the disconnect of people and movement, the different and violent reality of Suez compared to Cairo, and the elections: They are being frauded, he says. And they are being frauded a lot. There were tons of votes found thrown in different cities, he was offered „help“ for his campaign to, he saw how the army was helping the Salafis in Suez in the campaign and in counting the votes to get them seats. (Why the Salafis??? he explains it quite reasonable in the text).

But apart from this it is also a very personal record of the state of the movement and one of its most critical and special analyst (and protagonist).

    „Lately I have been hard to reach, even when I am surrounded by friends and loved ones. I don’t want to talk or think, my brain is a merry-go-round of ideas and knowledge that I wish were not there. 2 weeks ago I was noticing how everyone around me is falling apart: physically, psychologically, and emotionally. And the worst part is the helplessness you feel, knowing that you can’t offer them any real comfort or solution. We are in the shit. The Dark Days.“
    (read the whole articele on Sandmonkey’s page)

On n‘oublie rien…

Tahrir Square, December 17, 2011

Am 17. Dezember um 19.30 Uhr schickt Pierre Soufi, berühmter Künstler, Kunstprofessor und mit seiner immer offenen Dachgeschosswohnung über dem Tahrir einer der nachhaltigsten Unterstützer der Revolution, den Link zu einem Lied von Jaques Brel über Twitter: „Playing now: On n‘oublie rien, on ne que s‘habitue…“

Das Lied zum Ende der Revolution?

Während Jaques Brel über das Nicht-Vergessen-Können singt, darüber, dass man sich nur gewöhne an den Schmerz, zerschlagen Soldaten 9 Stockwerke unter Soufis Appartement die Reste der Bewegung, die vor 10 Monaten den Präsidenten Mubarak stürzte und damit das Militär, das bisher nur im Hintergrund herrschte, an die Macht brachte. Damals, als die Demonstrant_innen Soldaten küssten, ihnen Rosen reichten und ihre Neugeborenen, hätte wohl kaum jemand erwartet, so bald die Bilder zu sehen, die jetzt durchs Netz gehen, Bilder von einer solchen Brutalität, Arroganz, Zerstörungswut, dass selbst die, die bisher noch immer, in blinder Hoffnung, vielleicht auch größter Naivität und Einfalt, immer noch das Militär verteidigt hatten, ihm zumindest eine Chance geben wollten, sprechen offen von einem „Militärputsch“ bzw. dessen endgültiger Manifestation.


Into the grave – another bloody attack

It does not end, no, it is not getting better, it is getting worse, much worse… Does anybody remeber the sarcastic article of Al-Aswany „How to put an end to a revolution in 6 steps“? It seems we are reaching step 6: the movement is isolated, the new old rulers are ready to attack and destroy it. It seems they finally feel safe enough to take revenge. How if not like this can you take the pictures of today? The fact that since they are not afraid anymore to arrest and to beat even the wellknown activists from good families who could feel quite safe till some weeks ago blogger Alaa got arrested (even they still get out much easier and faster than the countless protesters whose name nobody knows). That they are throwing broken plates, glass plates from buildings on the protesters to injure them, beat children, men women, pull them the hijab from the face, shot live ammunition, attack the field hospitals and the wounded while soldiers on the buildings show the victory sign or much worse?…

…and the protesters defending themselves with symbolic (?) coffins?

Yesterday the second round of the elections. And today again: violence, blood, torture, at least six dead, several hundred injured, horrible photos and videos of people being beaten, injured and killed when military police attacked a sit-in in front of the building of the Prime Minister (on facebook, a lot of videos and material on this page – take care, very graphic!!!)
Friday at about 4am the clashes started, when a young man who left the protest before came back after hours badly injured and reported that he was arrested, beaten and tortured by electricity. Military police clashed with protesters for hours, they shot, run into tents and people with cars, through glass and ceramic from the building, beat the people very badly. A lot more people joined, apparently there are still some in Tahrir and around. The number of injured is still not clear, also it is not clear how many are arrested. the Nadeem Center for Human Rights reported at least six dead.
Since two weeks protesters were holding the sit-in to protest against the nomination of Al-Ghanzouri, the new Prime Minister. Ganzouri was Prime Minister in the 90s under Mubarak, he is much closer to the military and the old regime of Mubarak than Essam Sharaf, the Prime Minister over the last eight month who resigned during the newand bloody wave of protest end of november. The SCAF put a statement late in the evening, saying the protesters attacked the soldiers, destroyed and burned part of the parlament building.

Ohne Worte

…and a longer version

Battle in Egypt

Al-Jazeera Egypt around midnight: Street battle in the centre of Cairo, minister of health speaks of 507 injured, the government therewhile is busy with discussion about general lines for the constitution draft.

Not only in Cairo: Since Sunday morning street battles all over egypt, reports of two dead and several hundreds injured. In Suez protesters attacked a police station, the military went in, live ammunition is been used. Ongoing street fights in Alexandria and in Cairo between protesters and riot police, apparently a fire in a building beside Tahrir Square. The military is calling the people to support the government in this hard times against this attack to destroy the country.

Yesterday hundred thousands joint a peaceful demonstration to call the military to leave and to give power to a civil government. But the demonstration against military rule was used by parties and candidates for the upcoming elections, from liberal parties to the muslimbrotherhood and islamist salafis, they built up several stages and hold speeches, but in the evening, at the time to occupy the square and start the protest, called to leave. Just a small number of activists stayed there and was attacked at night, first by thugs, later by the riot police (csf) that in the morning took the square and closed the inner circle to prevent further protest, like it happened before in august.


Wahlen & Co. Neues aus Ägypten

Tunesien, das erste Land des Arabischen Frühlings, hat am Sonntag sein neues Parlament gewählt. Aber während dort noch immer ein Hauch von Aufbruchsstimmung herrscht, erstarrt Ägypten unter der Militärherrschaft.

    Ende Oktober steht das Land kurz vor den Wahlen, die den Umbruch besiegeln, der Republik das Gütesiegel »geprüfte Demokratie« verpassen sollen. Und während Journalisten ins Land strömen, während alteingesessene und neue Parteien um ihr Stück vom Kuchen der Macht feilschen, sagt Khaled, der Anwalt und Aktivist, spöttisch: »Ach, Wahlen. Wahlen sind wir ja schon gewöhnt. Man geht hin, macht brav sein Kreuz, wo man soll, und hofft, dass man auf dem Rückweg nicht von bezahlten Schlägern verprügelt wird.«
    Die jungen Aktivisten vom Tahrir-Platz, die Träger der Revolution, haben dem parlamentarischen Prozess immer skeptisch gegenübergestanden, und nicht nur sie. Wahlen, das waren in Ägypten immer Zeiten der Gewalt, in der die herrschenden Parteien Schläger anheuerten und mögliche Kritiker einschüchterten, eine Zeit, in der man lieber den Mund hielt und zu Hause blieb. Das Parlament, das war ein Ort für die, die sich selbst bereichern wollten. Politik, das hat die Erfahrung gelehrt, wird auf der Straße, auf den Plätzen gemacht.
    Und was soll man sich von diesen Wahlen erhoffen? Den Termin hat das Militär hinausgezögert, erst im September gab es bekannt: Ab 28. November wird in drei Runden das Parlament gewählt. Das Wahlsystem wird seither munter weiter verändert. Es ist noch immer unklar, wer überhaupt wählen darf, wo, mit welchem Dokument.

Ähnlich skeptisch äußert sich auch ein Kommentar von Al-Jazeera zu den anstehenden Wahlen. Von denen gibt es wenig Neues: Zwar wurde heute zumindest bekannt gegeben, dass Millionen Auslandsägypter jetzt doch wählen dürfen, alles andere bezüglich der Wahlen ist weiterhin schwer unklar bzw. undurchschaubar, inklusive stetig wechselnder Koalitionen zwischen rund 50 Parteien, von denen viele Wähler Umfragen zufolge keine einzige kennen.

Dafür bestätigt sich die große Befürchtung der Demokratiebewegung : Nun hat auch offizielle eine Kampagne gestartet, um Armeechef Tantawi zum nächsten Präsidenten zu machen – während es für die Präsidentschaftswahlen nächsten Monat quasi noch keine Wahlkampf gibt, hängen dazu jetzt schon erste Plakate in Kairo und Alexandria. Seit Tantawi vor wenigen Wochen „allein“ und im Anzug durch die Kairoer Innenstadt spaziert ist und das Staatsfernsehen daraufhin seine zivilen Führungsqualitäten hervorgehoben hat, sind die Gerüchte, das Militär werde versuchen ihn als Präsidenten zu installieren nicht verstummt (s. Blogeintrag vom September).

6. Oktober – das Militär feiert sich

Seit Tagen donnern Kampfjets und Hubschrauber über Kairo – Vorbereitungen zu den Feierlichkeiten zum 6. Oktober, dem Tag des „Sieges“ im Oktoberkrieg. Ob in Fernsehen, auf Facebook oder Twitter: heroische Kriegsbilder dominieren das geschehen wie in diesen noch relativ sanften Clip der eigentlich alternativen und revolutionsnahen Nachrichtenagentur RASS

Überraschend kündigte das Militär am Mittwoch an, dass die Hauptfeierlichkeiten auf dem Tahrir-Platz stattfinden werden. Militäraufmarsch und Panzerparade auf dem Tahrir-Platz? Das kann man, je nach Standpunkt, als „Feier der Revolution“ sehen. Oder als Machtdemonstration des Militärs, das damit den Platz, der zuletzt vor allem Proteste gegen die Militärdiktatur gesehen hat, wieder für sich einnimmt.


Better police – no way

The egyptian police has a very bad reputation – one reason why policemen were repeatedly attacked or chased from the streets after the revolution and the police is still not back on the streets in full power. Many police-officers were afraid to go out to the streets in the month after the revolution. There were not a lot of policemen in side of the protesters and the revolution – but there were some. They founded the Coalition of police officers against corruption who fought for a better and cleaner police. How many officers are part of the group is unknown, but on their Facebook-page about 2600 joined. On this page, actually, the video showing soldiers and high-rank officers involved in the attack on the israelien embassy the 9th of september, was published.

Today, minister of interiour El-Essawy, announced that this group will be dissolved and all its members will be thrown out of the service. The founder of the group and its speaker were arrested. El-Essawy accused them of inciting unrest and inviting police-officers to act against the ministry of interiour. The group announced it will meet today and start protest against this decision.

UPDATE A military president?

On Monday, the 26th of September, Hussein Tantawi, chief of the ruling military council, visited Downtown Cairo – apparently without journalists or security and, for the first time since decades, not in uniform but in dress. But somebody was filming with his phone and the state-TV showed this scene in the news: Tantawi, in dress, passing the shopping street of Downtown, shaking hands with citizens.

The incident was discussed intensively in liberal press and among activists – and was seen by many as further confirmation of rumors that army-chief Tantawi is planning to run for president in the upcoming elections. In the same time, Al-Shorouq newspaper brought out news that the presidential elections will be postponed to end of 2012 or 2013, from official side this was not confirmed so far. The parlamentary elections will start in november 2011.

Update (October 6th):
The new timetable for elections, postponing presidential elections to end of 2012 or later, rises among political analysts exactly these fears:
“It seems that the military has its own candidate,” says Ammar Ali Hassan, political analyst and columnist. “It [the military] is waiting for the ripe moment when public opinion is willing to accept the idea of having a presidential candidate who belongs to the military.”
writes Al-Masr Al-Youm in a good article about the topic.